Urology refers to the branch of science that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases caused in the urinary tract and reproductive system of male and female. The organ that comes under the branch of urology includes urinary bladder, kidneys, male and female reproductive organs, adrenal glands, ureters, and urethra. A urologist is a physician trained to practice in the urology domain. As a trained and specialized professional, urologist leverages several techniques to treat urological disorders. Laser-assisted surgeries, laparoscopic and robotic surgeries are some of the urological treatment methods.
A urologist or urologic surgeon must complete training in general surgery and clinical urology. Also, they must undergo five years of post-graduate surgical training. After completing the residential program, urologists can undertake advanced training in any subspecialty area of urology. The various subspecialties include urologic oncological, reconstructive urologic surgery, urologic oncology, and more. They are trained to use fiber-optic endoscopic equipment, perform laser treatments, employ real-time ultrasound guidance, and undertake surgical operations.