Also known as otolaryngologist or ENT surgeon, an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist is a doctor specializing in the surgical subspecialty that deals with the nose, ear, throat, and other related structure of the neck and head called Otorhinolaryngology. ENT doctors treat patients who have diseases, disorders, or any health concern related to their ear, nose, throat, skull base and also provide surgical management of benign and cancerous tumors in the head and neck area.
To become an ENT physician, the candidate must undertake 15 years of education and training to practice as a specialist in the field. The module of training includes four-years of undergraduate certification followed four-years of the medical program and at least five years of specialized training. Also, the physician has to complete one to two years of residency program and then undergo examinations both oral and written organized by the American Board of Otolaryngology. The candidate has to attain board certifications and license to work in the area as a certified medical practitioner. For extensive training and examinations, ENT specialists can take up the fellowship of one or two years in a subspecialty area.