Surgery performed to treat the diseases of the vascular system, or veins, lymphatic circulation, and arteries is termed as vascular surgery. A vascular surgeon is a specialist trained in this surgical subspecialty. The primary role of a vascular surgeon is to diagnose, manage, and treat diseases affecting the vascular system, excluding the brain and the heart. From coronary heart disease, arteriosclerosis to pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, vascular surgeons perform operations to treat all disorders of the vascular system.
Vascular surgeons undertake surgeries to repair the damaged veins or arteries, remove blockages and clogging of veins and arteries because of blood clots or plaque. As the field, they deal is highly sensitive, vascular surgeons need to have a right eye and hand coordination. They should be mentally prepared to work under pressure. But at the same time be quick and efficient in doing their job.
After completing their graduation from a medical school, the candidate must acquire a license to practice from the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). They should also go through a five-year general surgery residency program and attain a two-year fellowship program for advanced surgical training.