In the neurological examination, the neurologist reviews a patient’s medical history to assess the reflexes, sensation, coordination, cranial nerves, mental status, and strength. The neurosurgeons perform surgery to treat neurological disorders. To become a neurologist, one needs to complete a residential postgraduate program of three to four years after the completion of eight years of medical school. Once residency training is done, the candidate may specialize in neurology areas like clinical neurophysiology, interventional neurology, behavioral neurology, pain management, or epilepsy.
The branch of neurology consists of three main areas, which are the central, autonomic, and peripheral nervous system. Neuro-oncology, one of the significant clinical divisions of neurology, deals with the management of primary brain tumors, neurological complications of cancer, and metastases. Some of the neurological disorders include spinal cord disorders, brain cancer, and multiple sclerosis that affect muscles, neuromuscular junctions, and peripheral nerves.