Dermatology is concerned with the treatment, study, research, and diagnosis of disorders and diseases of the skin, hair, and nails. Physicians trained to cure patients of their dermatological problems are called dermatologists.
A dermatologist has to master in various branches of science like physics, microbiology, endocrinology, pathology, physiology, and biochemistry. The field of dermatology covers a broad spectrum of procedures and treatments plans including the research work, study, and diagnosis of diseases, disorders, aging conditions, cancers and other problems impacting hair, skin, nail, and oral membranes.
In the United States, the aspiring candidate who wants to pursue a career in dermatology as a specialist doctor has to acquire a medical degree and get certified by the American Academy of Dermatology and the American Board of Dermatology. And to become eligible for undertaking certification exam, the candidate must complete four years of training as a transitional, medical, Pediatric, and surgical intern. Once it is done, they have to undergo three years of residency program from an accredited dermatology college. Furthermore, they need to take up one or two years of residency fellowship in any of the branches such as dermatopathology, cosmetic surgery, pediatric dermatology, Mohs micrographic surgery, and immunodermatology.